], "An eschatological understanding of "my rest" in. Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. His rest; God’s rest provided for his people. The fear of God is often put for the whole of religion. This verse teaches the important truth that, though heaven is offered to us, and that a “rest” is promised to us if we seek it, yet that there is reason to think that many may fail of reaching it who had expected to obtain it. I Pet. Having been saved, we enter into our rest as believers by surrendering our lives to Him and enjoying peace with God. The illative therefore, or then means that by the fall of others we are taught humility and watchfulness according to what Paul also says, âThese through unbelief have fallen; be not thou then high Â minded, but fear.â (67) The Lord knoweth them that are his; they shall inherit the land, the elect shall obtain it; but we are exhorted to fear lest we should seem to come short of it, lest the cares of this world and the deceitfulness of riches should choke the word; lest believers, being led away by the error of the wicked, should fall from their own steadfastness. —Implying a belief in its practical possibility and an earnest desire to avoid it. φοβέω Phobeo ... Devotionals about Hebrews 4:1 . Hebrews 4:1-3 New King James Version (NKJV) The Promise of Rest. He concludes that there was reason to fear lest the Jews to whom he was writing should be deprived of the blessing offered to them; and then he says, lest anyone, intimating that it was his anxious desire to lead them, one and all, to God; for it is the duty of a good shepherd, in watching over the whole flock so to care for every sheep that no one may be lost; nay, we ought also so to feel for one another that every one should fear for his neighbors as well as for himself. Hebrews 4:1. Contextual setting . The people"s responses to these tests determined the amount of rest they experienced. Matthew 11:28] results in a glaring inconsistency. Would the writer then have laid such emphasis on the dead? Hebrews 4:1–16 A Sabbath-Rest for the People of God. A promise being left us. John Gill's Exposition of the Bible Hebrews 4:1. One writer assumed this meant the right to worship before the personal presence of Yahweh. But the fear which is here recommended is not that which shakes the confidence of faith but such as fills us with such concern that we grow not torpid with indifference. Hebrews 4:1. 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18; 2 Thessalonians 2:1-12). So the question is, what is this rest as far as believers are concerned? The thread which unifies chapter 1 is that the Son is superior to the angels. 1 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. A sense of His glory and majesty, His purity and holiness, with our liability to fall into sin, necessarily produce circumspection and watchfulness, and lead to that fear which, so far from being opposed to the life of faith, are essential to its preservation. fears, and from all enemies: and this may be called the rest of The writer proceeds therefore to prove that this promise is left and is still open. By this the law was magnified and made honorable. In mind in those labours and burdens was the yoke of the restless conscience, and the yoke of the Law as interpreted by the Pharisees (in contrast with the yoke of Christ). The events of the exodus generation are now applied to the readers’ present situation. If destitute of a sense of weakness, we trust in ourselves; and the Scripture tells us, "He who trusteth in his own heart is a fool." This quotation confirms the first clause of the verse, because it proves two things: first, that God had a rest, and second, that He intended that man should rest with Him, because it was “in His wrath,” justly excited against the unbelieving (cf.Hebrews 3:9-10), that He sware they should not enter in. Belief, then, is everything. A direful result is this for us to. Later the writer urged his readers to wait patiently for the Lord to return ( Hebrews 10:36-37). They had the promise of God pledged to their fathers Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, their own triumph over the Egyptians at the Red Sea to assure them of victory; but all the proofs of His power in the wilderness were forgotten, and they only thought of the prowess of the Canaanites, and, by refusing to enter the land, they came short of the promised rest. That God has a rest is also stated in the ninety-fifth Psalm, for these words “they shall not enter into my rest” prove that God had a rest. The generation of Israelites that crossed the Jordan with Joshua only entered into partial rest in the land due to their failure to trust and obey God completely. God’s intention for both Himself and for His own after creation was ‘no more works’. God has assured all Christians of enjoying the millennial kingdom and our "heavenly husband" (i.e, Jesus Christ). The readers might fail to enter their rest, in the sense of losing part of their inheritance, if they apostatized. Hebrews 4:1-10 (ESV) Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us fear lest any of you should seem to have failed to reach it. The writer expressed concern in this verse that some of his readers might conclude that they had missed entering into their rest (i.e, their full spiritual inheritance). Showing Diligence … Although those who support the latter idea stress that the diligence to enter is the antidote to disobedience, not the entering itself. Promise. [Note: Pentecost, pp80-81; Wiersbe, 2:289. And they would no longer be under the yoke of the demanding and unceasing requirements of an expanded Law. ‘Seem to come short of it.’ That is, appear in God’s eyes to have come short of it. "An eschatological understanding of "my rest" in Psalm 95:11 is presupposed in Hebrews 4:1 and is fundamental to the exhortation to diligence to enter God"s rest in Hebrews 4:1-11." The argument of the passage favours the third reading, for it aims at strengthening the belief that the promise does remain and that the readers are not born too late to enjoy it. Outline: I. Hebrews 4:1 “Let us therefore fear, lest, a…”: Translation, Meaning. see the Phaedo, p. 95A. the yoke of carnal ordinances, and in the enjoyment of Gospel ‘A promise being left of entering into his rest.’ Now the writer speaks of ‘His’ rest. God started His work of redemption in Eden, but it will not be concluded until He makes a New Heaven and a New Earth. Others refer it to the afterlife and see this rest as something to be enjoyed on death (compare Revelation 14:13, but note that the verb is slightly different). rest; Should seem to come short of it; regarded by some as simply a softened way of saying, Should come short of it. Thus they must ask themselves wherein their confidence lies, and whether they enjoy this certainty. "Today," rightly used, terminates in the rest which, when once obtained, is never lost (Revelation 3:12). Proverbs 28:14. On this the apostolic exhortation is founded; Canaan was a shadow of the better country, and Israel after the flesh, at least that generation, could not enter because they believed not God, nor trusted in His salvation. Greek. Hebrews 4:1 Context. Because of this, the ‘Promised Land’ is set up as a type of the kingdom, and both may be referred to as ‘God’s rest.’ God’s rest and Genesis 2:2. 3. [For . (Hebrews 4:10). 3) It is what Israel failed to enter into (Hebrews 4:5). faith, and a profession of it; and the Gospel is the promise or (Witham). provided for New Testament saints, and into which they enter by Definition. .’ “For indeed we, even as also they, have had a gospel preached to us.” We should have expected an expressed , but its suppression shows us that the writer wishes to emphasise . Others have concluded that the passage addresses neither observance nor nonobservance of the Sabbath. but with a cautious fear, a godly jealousy, a careful Why then are they uniformly exhorted to become heirs by faithful labor when they are already heirs?" . God's rest, ( Isaiah 66:1 Isaiah 66:2 ) and the Likewise the Christian"s response to his tests (whether he will trust and obey God faithfully or depart from God"s will) determines how much rest he or she will enjoy. the Gospel church is represented as a state of peace and rest, ( The Apostle, who tells the Hebrews to fear lest a promise being left of entering into rest any of them should seem to come short of it, teaches the Philippians to rejoice in the Lord always, and again He says, Rejoice. meaning is, that saints should be concerned so to behave, that The following information is provided. Let us therefore fear, &c.— The promise of God's rest, signifies such a rest as his is; namely, a state of peace and enjoyment, and freedom from labour. No word must be inserted here that can diminish the generality of the words; in the sequel the statement will be repeated with all possible clearness. As in Hebrews 1, the writerâs aim is not to establish a truth absolutely new, but to show that in this and in that Scripture a received truth lies contained. Hebrews 4:1-5 New International Version (NIV) A Sabbath-Rest for the People of God 4 Therefore, since the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be found to have fallen short of it. In Hebrews 4:1, the author states that the promise of entering God’s rest still stands. 2. Does the promise still remain of entering His rest? These terms refer to blessings that God"s people could anticipate in the next stage of their lives if they followed Him faithfully in the present stage of their lives. The course of argument in this chapter, to verse Hebrews 4:11, is as follows: There is a rest promised to us, which we should be careful not to lose by our unbelief and disobedience, after the example of the ancient Israelites in the wilderness. Joshua obeyed God and found Christ was on his side—literally (Joshua 5:13–15). His rest - God's heavenly rest, of which Canaan is the type. Teaching that compares crossing the Jordan with the believer"s death has clouded divine revelation concerning the Christian"s future rest (e.g, the hymn, "I"m Just a Poor Wayfaring Stranger"). . California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. itself, the ultimate glory: there is a rest of the body in the (Romans 11:20.). Hebrews 4:1. The accusative is best attested (see critical note), but the sense “not mixed by faith with those who heard,” i.e., Caleb and Joshua, is most improbable.] We must bring to mind here that Jesus spoke of a twofold rest in Matthew 11:28-29. much in communion with him; and besides, heaven is the place of “Since the Israelites were not allowed in because of their unbelief, we should fear that the same thing could happen to us, and be careful that we go all the way into the promised land!”, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, William Newell's Commentary on Romans, Hebrews and Revelation, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews. immediately is, upon its departure from the body; and there is a As it is possible to receive a greater or a lesser inheritance (reward), it is also possible to enter into more or less rest. One conversations, that they might not seem to come short; and this "Today" continues, during which is the danger of failing to reach the rest. afflictions, from Satan's temptations, from unbelief, doubts, and Our comfort and safety depend upon the due admixture of hope and fear. Proud member We then enter into our "Sabbath rest," the rest that follows a full period of work (i.e, a lifetime; cf. It has to do with the promise of “entering into His rest”, “lest any of you should seem to come short of it” (Hebrews 4:1). Fear is used both in a good and a bad sense in the Word of God. (Hebrews 6:4-6) The Conditions of Becoming Reprobate (Hebrews 6:4-6) Hebrews 6:7-8. Let us, therefore, fear, &c. St. Paul continues his exhortation to them, not to be like the incredulous Jews, and so to be excluded from the place of eternal rest. The word "seem" mitigates the expression, though not lessening the reality (Bengel). Being left us - still remaining to us after the others have, by neglect, lost it. 2 For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did not share the faith of those who obeyed. Revelation 21:8. 2 For indeed the gospel was preached to us as well as to them; but the word which they heard did not profit them,  not being mixed with faith in those who heard it. intended, since it is a rest believers enter into now, ( Hebrews 4:3 ) and since But if his readers returned to Judaism they would be returning to works, to ‘heavy burdens grievous to be born’ (Matthew 23:4), to ‘works done to be seen of men’ (Matthew 23:5). hustereo. Usage. Hebrews 4:1. , “let us then fear,” the writer speaks in the name of the living generation, “lest haply, there being left behind and still remaining a promise to enter [ ; cf. Throughout this epistle the writer used the terms "rest" and "inheritance" as the Old Testament used them when speaking of what the Israelites in the wilderness anticipated. Let us therefore fear. Introduction. promise of it, intend the Gospel and its dispensation, the A direful result is this for us to fear; lest, after once being pardoned and sanctified, we at last are seen to have fallen and become lost. A promise remaining over unfulfilled. Isaiah 8:13. It may happen but he hopes that it will not. They did not reach it. All rights reserved. Sad to say, it can also happen to Christians. 1.Therefore—In view of the fearful examples of apostasy in last chapter. And this became theirs by ‘partaking in Christ’ (Hebrews 3:14). So a person who enjoys this rest of faith rests in the security of Jesus Christ and His sacrifice on the cross, and as a partaker of Christ, will have peace, and joy, and rest, and confidence, and certainty (e.g. Exegete the passage; 4:1 is introduced by oun, “Therefore,” indicating a conclusion based on the preceding verse. Here we see the analogy to which we have referred between the natural and spiritual life. The word us is inserted in our version improperly; a promise is left that certain persons shall enter into rest, and this promise must he fulfilled, but it is not made in the Word of God to individuals any more than it was to that generation of the Israelites, with the exception of Caleb and Joshua, who came out of Egypt. However, some see it as a futuristic present and refer the ‘rest’ to the afterlife. come short = have failed. Hebrews 4:8 For if Joshua had given them rest, He would not have spoken of another day after that. Let us therefore fear - not with slavish terror, but godly "fear and trembling" (Philippians 2:12). G5399. Each succeeding generation throughout the history of Israel faced its own tests. Amplified: [This mention of a rest was not a reference to their entering into Canaan. declaration which was left among these Hebrews, and in the world, 4:1) to allow God to be and do all He wants to be and do in their lives, but at the same time they have psychologically patterned thoughts and attitudes of self-oriented desire to act and "be all they can be for God." The promise of entering the promised land was have hoped for it may come short of it, or at least seem to do Confident of Better Things (Hebrews 6:9-10) Hebrews 6:11-12. Therefore, since the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be found to have fallen short of it. This passage is not talking about living a peaceful life here and now either. This cannot be the meaning because God has promised heaven to every believer regardless of our faithfulness to Him ( Ephesians 1:3-14; 1 Thessalonians 5:10; 2 Timothy 2:13; 1 Peter 1:3-6; et al.). The Lord promises to put His fear into His people"s hearts, that they may not depart from Him. diffidence and distrust of the power, grace, and goodness of God; Had it not been God’s original purpose and desire that men should enter into His rest, it could not be said that “in wrath” He excluded some. 6) ‘We’ are to give diligence to enter into that rest. This view seems unlikely because of how the writer equated rest and inheritance after the pattern of Old Testament usage, namely, as a future possession. He appeared as the substitute of His people and bore their sins in His own body upon the tree. Should be judged to have fallen short. According to Hebrews chapter 4, God gives those who obey Him everything needed to accomplish their assigned tasks. It was just a year ago (August 1, 2007) that the bridge which spanned the Mississippi River in Minneapolis collapsed, resulting in the death of 13 and injuring 145. This would point to it signifying the situation of the truly believing person, whose full faith is in what Jesus Christ has accomplished, so that he recognises that there is nothing left for him himself to do but partake in Christ, because Jesus Christ has done all. It demanded from them much that had to be done that was very burdensome and required much toil, and which with failure brought heavy guilt. Both ought to have an effect on our minds. Rest. 1 Chronicles 13:12. God had to work again there because man had sinned. 94:7, 8; Ð²ÑÐ¾ÑÐ°Ñ ÑÐ°ÑÑÑ Ð¾Ð¿Ð¸ÑÑÐ²Ð°ÐµÑÑÑ Ð² ÐÑ. ; lest, after once being pardoned and sanctified, we at last are seen to have fallen and become lost. It was well that the Israelites should be aware of the power of their enemies, but they lost sight of the power of God. diseases, where it rests under the guardianship of the Spirit, If his readers had this certainty and this confidence there would be no thought in their hearts of turning back. Subsequent generations of Israelites experienced the same partial rest, as the Book of Judges reveals. short of it. Hebrews, Epistle to. What is the “therefore” there for? This invitation is still open (6-9) I. Verses 1-10. There is a promise made to the disciples of Christ, to be considered a few verses below, and they might come short or miss it. These contradictory positions show that the meaning of the text is not … dokeō- is often used so as to appear to give no essential addition to the sense of a passage, though it is probable that it always gave a shading to the meaning. What Does Hebrews 4:10 Mean? Thus there was a once-for-all entering into rest by coming to Christ in faith and trust, followed by a continuing entering into rest by walking with God. Salem Media Group. This clause confirms both the statements of the previous verse: “we have the promise as well as they,” for we are entering into the rest [note the emphatic position of ]; and “the word failed them because of their lack of faith,” for it is our faith [ ] which is carrying us into the rest. Of these words there are three linguistically possible translations. Hebrews 4:2. Summing up these seven points might suggest that the rest is that of the one who truly puts his trust in Christ and His saving work, becoming one with Him and partaking of Him and His sacrifice on his behalf; who ceases from all attempts at his own ‘saving’ but ‘dead’ works because all is completed; who is believing and obedient and rests in God’s faithfulness; who responds to the Good News that that rest is available; and who ceases from his own works because nothing remains to be done, all having been done by His great High Priest. In a special sense Jesus Christ stands as the center of the book of Hebrews. They expected Him to return soon after He ascended into heaven (cf. The present tense would suggest a present experience for him and his readers. There have been in all ages many unprofitable hearers; and unbelief is at the root of all unfruitfulness under the word. Hebrews 1:4 - having become as much better than the angels, as He has inherited a more excellent name than they. Another view is that rest refers to the present life of the believer who rests in the Lord: the "faith rest" life. For God, and potentially for those who are His, their ‘works’ ceased from the foundation of the world. Note that he is not talking of them all, but of the possibility of individuals coming short, and even that as doubtful. The coming day will burn them up,” says the Lord who rules over all. “It 3 will not leave even a root or branch. of Stephens's copies read, lest "any of us"; which seems most [Note: See Joe L. Wall, Going for the Gold, p84.] 5) He who is entered into His rest has himself also rested from his works, as God did from His. The first warning was in 2:1-4. Blessed is the man who is so convinced of his proneness to depart from God that he is ever stirring up his soul and all that is within him to trust in God, knowing that safety is only to be found in Him. The verb δοκέω is so no doubt sometimes, but not always; but here appears to have a special meaning, as the Apostle would have no one to present even the appearance of neglecting to secure the rest promised. On the other hand it could be argued that the writer had possible death through persecution very much in mind as in Revelation (but see Hebrews 12:4 where it is tribulation rather than death that is seemingly in his mind). He hopes that none will come short of it. Likewise the Christian"s response to his tests (whether he will trust and obey God faithfully or depart from God"s will) determines how much rest he or she will enjoy. [Note: Dillow, p83.]. “Since the Israelites were not allowed in because of their unbelief, we should fear that the same thing could happen to us, and be careful that we go all the way into the promised land!”, 1.Let us therefore fear, etc.
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